How many TIME-RELATED words are there?

Sep 12, 2019,11:11 AM

While looking up Chronodrometer (see related article HERE), I realized I was getting drawn in deeper and deeper. So many words, each describing various little tic-tac-toc machines with specialized usages! 

Time for the dictionary! 

But note - online dictionaries generally you the meaning of a single word. What I needed was all the words related to Chronos - Greek for time. So I pulled out my Webster's unabridged dictionary (I'm an editor, 'tis obligatory to have a real dictionary).

And since many of these words do NOT exist in the limited online "popular word" dictionaries, I decided to type in the essential meaning of each.

Here are the words I found:

CHRONOBAROMETER - a mercurial barometer hung as a pendulum and connected with clockwork so that the mean length of the mercury column may be observed or recorded through the mean rate of vibration; a digital instrument for tracking barometric changes over time 

CHRONOCINEMATOGRAPH - an astronomical instrument consisting of a film camera, chronometer and chronograph. The device records images using a precise timetable. It was invented in 1927 by a Polish astronomer Tadeusz Banachiewicz for observing total solar eclipses.

CHRONOCINEMATOGRAPHY - the measurement by photographic methods of events occuring during the passage of time

CHRONOCRATOR - Egyptian mythology - the lord of the year;  the lord of the ascendant when the sun enters Aries

CHRONOCYCLEGRAPH - a photograph in which the course of a motion is indicated by a series of timed flashes; for example, used in time/motion studies of factory workers

CHRONODEIK - an instrument for approximating the passage of time using a suspended telescope to see the transit of stars across the sky; invented by American astronomer S.C. Chandler in the 1880s.


CHRONODROMETER - early stop watch for timing sporting events

CHRONOGENEOUS - appearing at a given time or chronological age

CHRONOGENESIS - the time when a group or species appeared in the chronological record

CHRONOGRAM - a time line of events; also a sentence or phrase where certain highlighted letters indicate a date (see CHRONOSTICHON or HERE)

CHRONOGRAMMATIC - pertaining to Chronograms

CHRONOGRAMATICIST - person who makes Chronograms

CHRONOGRAPH - an instrument for measuring and recording time; the first one was invented by Louis Moinet in 1816

CHRONOGRAPHER - person who does Chronography

CHRONOGRAPHIC -  pertaining to Chronographs

CHRONOGRAPHICAL - synonymous with Chronological (but perhaps shorter time periods)

CHRONOGRAPHY - a record of past time; the making of a Chronograph

CHRONOISOTHERMAL - a diagram indicating the mean monthly temperature of a place at each hour of the day

CHRONOLOGER - synonymous with Chronologist

CHRONOLOGIC - pertaining to Chronology

CHRONOLOGICAL - an account of events in sequence of the time they occurred

CHRONOLOGIST - a person who investigates and records the dates of events

CHRONOLOGIZE - to arrange chronologically; sequentially in time (as opposed to alphabetically)

CHRONOLOGY - the science of measuring or computing time by regular divisions, and assigns events or transactions to their proper dates

CHRONOMANCER - person who performs Chronomancy

CHRONOMANCY - Chinese art of of divination to find the proper time (or travel to it) to take action

CHRONOMETER - an accurate portable time-keeping device for use in navigation, especially when at sea

CHRONOMETRIC RADIOSONDE - A radio transmission device whose carrier wave is switched on and off in such a manner that the interval of time between the transmission of signals is a function of the magnitude of the meteorological elements being measured (for example, signals come faster if the temperature is higher)

CHRONOMETRY - the art of measuring time by periods or divisions

CHRONONOMY - the method of reckoning and measuring time

CHRONOPHER - an instrument signaling the correct time to distant locations by means of electical pulses or signals; used by railroads for signaling

CHRONOPHOTOGRAPH - one or more still images of a moving object intended to show successive phases of motion

CHRONOPHOTOGRAPHIC - describing a device or method for capturing images in rapid succession; "a chronophotographic camera" built like a gun for taking 12 images of flying birds or insects on a single photo plate


CHRONOSCOPE - an instrument for measuring minute intervals of time between actions (the device below measures the reaction times of mice and rats in a laboratory)

CHRONOSCOPY - the study of very minute intervals of time using a Chronoscope

CHRONOSEMIC - communication employing signals at various intervals of time with a defined significance (such as smoke signals, rocket flares, dot dash in Morse code ie short, long, short, etc.)

CHRONOSTICHON - a line of mnemotechnical (memory-assisting) poetry whose letters (or some of them) indicate a date (similar to acrostic which is a set of poetic lines whose initial letters express a word). In this example, the RED capital letters correspond to Roman numerals and when added correctly give the year 1756

CHRONOTHERMAL - pertaining to the relationship of time and temperature

CHRONOTHERMOMETER - a timepiece constructed to change its rate with changes in temperature, to indicate a mean temperature over time; a digital device for selecting a certain temperature at a certain time -- generally when you want the temperature to be moving up or down during a time period, rather than staying at a constant temperature, as with a thermostat.

CHRONOTHERMOSTAT - a device that turns heating and cooling systems on and off depending on time or date (an elaborate thermostat)

CHRONOTROPIC - an outside influence or drug that inhibits or accelerates the cardiac nerves and thus the heart rate



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Comments: view entire thread


Dear Mike… You are so… YOU!

 By: halgedahl : September 12th, 2019-12:29
And we? The lucky beneficiaries of your scholarly bent! This was fun. For you, too, I imagine. Warm (humid) greetings from Iowa. Fred ...  

Is that your last word on the subject?

 By: cazalea : September 12th, 2019-13:11
I couldn't resist because of your handle "Epilogue" Cheers, Cazalea

Dear Mike, you forgot...

 By: JLCman : September 13th, 2019-03:06
Chronomaniac - a guy searching for Chronos related words up to the limit ;-)

One more

 By: Jurry : October 19th, 2019-08:30
May I add one more: chronobiology; studying the impact of time and rhythmical phenomena on life processes I.e. impact if changing DST on biological rhythm or impact if passing frequently passing time zones (pilots) on biorhythms

Splendid! And my

 By: KamalRostov : October 23rd, 2019-02:43
daughters think I am a nerd reading dictionaries...